Caesar Puni. “Pas de Quatre” Ballet divertissement in one act
Choreography by Anton Dolin
In the summer of 1845, four outstanding ballerinas arrived in London at the same time – Maria Taglioni, Carlotta Grisi, Fanny Cerrito and Lucille Grand. This fact inspired Her Majesty’s Royal Theater Director Sir Benjamin Lumley to create a production in which these great dancers would perform on the same stage in front of Queen Victoria. The honorary commission was undertaken by the composer Caesar Puni, who is well aware of the specifics of ballet drama, and the renowned choreographer Jules Perrot. Taking into account the artistic and technical capabilities of the four famous dancers, Jules Perrot, a prominent representative of the “romantic ballet” school, created a wonderful ballet divertissement “Pas de Quatre” (dance of four). The premiere took place on 12 July 1845 and was a huge success. Subsequently, many choreographers turned to the music of Pas de Quatre. The most popular today is the edition created in 1941 by the English dancer and choreographer Sir Anton Dolin.
Daniel Aubert. “Grand pas classique”
Choreography by Viktor Gzovsky
French composer Daniel Aubert entered the history of musical culture not only as a master of French comic opera, but also as the founder of the genre of “romantic ballet”. Thus, in his operas a large role was assigned to choreographic interludes and divertissements, which were not only a simple decoration of performances, but directly participated in the action. In the productions of his operas “The Mute of Portici” and “God and Bayadere” the roles of the main characters were assigned to the ballerinas, and the opera “Marco Spada or the Bandit’s Daughter” was completely reworked by the composer into a ballet and staged at the Paris Opera in 1857. Subsequently, many choreographers turned to Aubert’s music, and as a result, the ballets Taglioni at Musetta (1920), Date (1933), Flowers (1948), etc. were created. In 1949, the famous ballet dancer, choreographer and teacher Viktor Gzovsky, specially for ballet stars Yvette Shovire and Vladimir Skuratov, staged Grand pas classique (Big classical pas) from the opera-ballet by D. Aubert, God and Bayadera, at the Champs Elysees Theater. or Courtesan in Love ”and since then this choreographic masterpiece has been one of the most beloved performances of the ballet heritage.
Caesar Puni. Pas de six from the ballet “The Canteen”
Choreography by Pierre Lacotte after Arthur Saint-Leon
The ballet “Canteen” was first presented to the public in 1843 in Rome. The renowned ballet dancer Arthur Saint-Leon made his debut as a choreographer, who, together with the outstanding ballerina Fanny Cerrito, performed the main roles at the premiere. The first performance was well received by the audience and soon the performance was transferred to other European stages, including the Paris Opera and the London Theater of Her Royal Majesty. Arthur Saint-Leon is the author of one of the systems for recording dance, which he published in Paris under the title Scene Choreography, or The Art of Recording Dance (1852). Thanks to this book, the choreographer and restorer of ancient choreography Pierre Lacotte in 1979 reconstructed the Pas de six (dance in six) from “The Canteen” and it was in this version that this ballet masterpiece gained the greatest popularity.
Carl Maria von Weber. “Vision of the Rose” Ballet in one act
Choreography by Mikhail Fokine
On April 19, 1911 in Monte Carlo the stars of Russian Seasons Tamara Karsavina and Vaslav Nijinsky triumphantly performed the premiere of the ballet The Vision of the Rose directed by Mikhail Fokine to the music of Carl Maria Weber’s play Invitation to Dance (orchestrated by Hector Berlioz). The plot is based on the lines from the work of Théophile Gaultier “The Vision of the Rose”: “I am the spirit of the rose that you wore yesterday at the ball …”. The girl returns from the first ball in her life, and falls asleep in a chair, exhausted. She dreams that the ghost of a rose is flying into the room. He gently picks up the girl and circles with her in a swift waltz. But with the first rays of the sun, the ghost disappears and she wakes up. This one-act ballet is still a huge success and is represented in the repertoire of many theaters around the world.
Amilcar Ponchielli. Dance of the clock Ballet suite from the opera La Gioconda
Choreography by Marius Petipa
The Dance of the Hours is a magical ballet suite specially conceived by the composer Amilcarre Ponchielli to enhance the dramatic and tragic finale of his opera La Gioconda. According to the plot of the opera, the Duke invites dancers to entertain the guests at the ball: “Each of them will enchant us with beauty. They represent the clock by themselves. ” This finely instrumented suite consists of four episodes, each of which showcases the course of the clock during the day – morning, afternoon, evening and night. “Mysteriously, the bells are barely audible in the morning hours. Great dance is inherent in the dance of the daytime hours. The brooding exit of the evening hours with the expressive clatter of tall wooden instruments. A wide-ranging dance of the night hours: slow episodes with singing themes change into vortex, impetuous, reminiscent
Evening of choreographic miniatures
5 years ago, on February 18, 2015, the Odessa Opera and Ballet Theater hosted the premiere of one-act ballets under the general title "Pearls of World Ballet". The author of the concept of this exquisite ballet evening - Boris Bloch, an outstanding musician, from 2014 to 2016 - artistic director of the Odessa Opera. O. Baranovska, G. Sevoyan and Y. Karlin took part in the selection and preparation of ballets, in the choice of scenography -V. Usherenko, he is an artist from the world.
Wonderful choreographic miniatures are a spectacle that fills the audience with inspiration and light. A unique program of one-act ballets by Puni, Auber, Weber, and Ponchielli is a collection of musical stories that are reflected in dance. Magical plots, incomprehensible level of choreography and music that penetrates the heart!